Pug dog - "multum in parvo" - A lot of dog in a small package.
Pug puppies can wiggle their way right into your heart.
Some say that the Pug is an ancient breed breeding true to form since 400 BCE. Most agree that it originated in the Orient. The ancestors of the Pug dog
could have been early Mastiffs, miniaturized over centuries in the Orient, kept by Tibetan monks and favored in Chinese royal courts. The more likely and accepted argument is that the breed, did indeed, originate in the Orient, and that it was a version of the long legged, smooth coated Pekingese. Dutch traders brought them to Holland where they became the official dog of the Dutch House of Orange, after a Pug sounded the alarm of approaching Spanish soldiers at Hermingny thereby saving the life of Prince William in 1572. The Dutch called them "Mopshond"
referring to small grumbling noises they make. They were called "Mops" in Germany
, "Carlin" in France
. In England, they were called the "Chinese Pug"
or often the "Pug dog". Pugs and Pekinese dogs were brought to England after the British sacked the Chinese Imperial Palace in 1860
. Years later, Lady Brassey brought two black pug specimens back from the Orient to England, and began a breeding program to establish a line of blacks, the forerunners of the modern day blacks. Black pugs were shown for the first time in England, in 1886. They were admitted to the AKC registry in 1885
. A total of forty-five were registered by the Canadian Kennel Club
in the years 1888 to 1889.
Weight: 14 - 18 lb. (6.4 - 8.2 kg).
Height: 10 - 11 in. (25.4 - 27.9 cm) Unofficial.
Activity Level: Moderately High.
Affection: Very affectionate.
Playfulness: Very playful.
Exercise Needs: Moderate daily exercise.
Grooming: Once a week.
With Other Dogs: Quite good.
With Other Pets: Quite good.
With strangers: Somewhat tolerant.
With children: Excellent.
Trainability: Quite good.
Bonding: Bonds to whole family.
Protection: No, too friendly.
Other Names: Mops, Carlin, Chinese Pug dog.
Life Expectancy: 12 - 15 years.
The Pug dog is described as being "multum in parvo" a concise Latin construction, loosely meaning, a lot of dog in a little package. It is a very apt name for this breed. The Pug is included in the Toy dog group. A Pug dog is compact, square and cobby, with well developed muscles. A lean, leggy Pug, and a dog with short legs, and long body, are equally objectionable. The dog's smooth, short, glossy, coat is always immaculate. The head of the Pug dog, is distinctively large, massive, and round. Its muzzle, or mask, is black. Its large, prominent, dark eyes gives its face a soft, solicitous and roguish expression, and it wiggles its way into the hearts of men, women, and especially children for whom it has a special affinity. The ears are thin, small, soft, like black velvet. There are two kinds of ears, the "rose" and the "button". Preference is give to the button ear. More details can be found at the breed standard – see the menu at left.
Temperament & Upkeep:
Pug dogs are adaptable, calm, even-tempered little dogs, extremely affectionate, charming, outgoing, and playful, making them excellent family pets for either the city or country. They can be stubborn and headstrong but usually they are anxious to please.
A Pug dog should be groomed once a week to control the shedding. Its daily exercise needs are minimal - 15 minutes 3 times a day. A good moderate walk on a leash is good. A Pug puppy makes a good sturdy household addition well suited for children. The wrinkles need regular cleaning and drying to prevent skin infections. A Pug, like a Bulldog, wheezes and snores. It does not do well in heat and humidity and therefore should not be kept outdoors. There is lots of recommended Pug information available, on caring for, and training a Pug puppy. See the Pug breed books from the menu at left.
Finding other breeders:
Want more info on this small dog breed, the Pug dog, and Pug breeders who have Pug puppies for sale? See the Pug dog breeders section. If there are no nearby Pug breeders, see the Canadian Pug dog club, Pug rescue, Pug dog rescue. See also the US Pug dog club, Pug dog rescue, to get advice on other Pug dog breeders in your area.
Pug Health Issues:
Pug major concerns:
Major concerns: Pug dog Encepthalitis; (Pug Dog Encephalitis is an inflammatory disease of the brain affecting Pug dogs of either sex.);
CHD: (This is canine hip dysplasia.)
Elongated palate; (This condition is quite common I breeds with pushed in faces, like the Bulldog and Pug. The soft palate interferes with the dog's breathing and makes him snort and have trouble swallowing. It gets worse with age. It is inherited.)
Stenotic nares; (Pinched nostrils – making breathing more difficult.)
Patellar luxation; (The knee cap slips out of place.)
Legg-Perthes; (A disease of the hip joint that results in abnormal deformity of the ball of the hip joint
This is a disease primarily seen in small breed dogs.
Entropion; (This is the turning inward of all or part of the eyelid)
KCS; (This is a dry eyes problem)
Skin infections; (Itchy irritated skin, often with yellowish pustules and dry crusted areas and loss of hair. Often caused by bacteria.)
Hemivertebra; (his is a condition where there is abnormal bony development of one or more of the vertebrae)
Distichaisis; (This is a disease wherein the eye has extra hairs or eyelashes which interfere with the eye.)
Allergies; (Like people, dogs can suffer from allergies. ; Dog allergies fall into three main categories: flea allergic dermatitis, atopy, and food allergy.)
GSP Suggested Tests:
All breeding stock should be tested, prior to breeding, for the following: