The Pomeranian dog, or Pom dog

The smallest of the Spitz breeds

Breed Picture

Breed History:

  The Pomeranian dog is the smallest member of the Spitz dog family, or northern breeds. They all originated in the Arctic Circle, and gradually made their way southward. The Pomeranian dog itself, is descended from ancient sled dogs of the far northern European countries. It is a true Spitz breed. It got its name from Pomerania, a region on the Baltic sea. It was once a part of Germany. The name was adopted only after it arrived in England. Early specimens weighed as much as thirty pounds, enormous by today's standard. In 1888, while on a trip to Florence, Queen Victoria noticed a Pom, and was taken with the dog. She brought the dog back to England with her. The subjects were well acquainted with their popular queen, her likes and dislikes. Ever since the Pom became a favorite with Queen Victoria, demand for the breed grew. Queen Victoria preferred the smaller sizes of the day, in the 12 to 18 pound range. As a result of this royal favor, its popularity grew, and miniaturization continued still further. In 1870, the “Spitz Dog” was officially recognized by the Kennel Club (England). Classes were offered at the dog shows. Early specimens were usually white, but in time blacks appeared, and later a wide range of colors. Before long, the Pomeranian dog was brought to North America. In 1900, the breed was granted official recognition in Canada, and the US. Pomeranian dogs are now shown in a wide variety of colors from red, orange, cream, sable, black, brown, and blue. All patterns and variations are allowed and are to be judged equally. The size continued its downward trend until today. So too, the breed standard was revised with respect to size. The average weight of a Pom is now 3 to 7 pounds, with the ideal weight of show specimens being, 4 to 6 pounds. Although being over or under those size preferences is objectionable, quality is more important than size.
Weight:  3-7 lb. (1.4-3.2 kg).
Preferred Weight:  4-5 lb. (1.8-2.3 kg).
Unofficial Height:  8-11 in. (20.3-27.9 cm).
Energy Level:  High.
Affection:  Average.
Playfulness:  High.
With Other Dogs:  Not good.
With Other Pets:  Quite Good.
Shedding:  Moderate.
Trainability:  Low.
Function:  Companion.
With strangers:  Reserved.
With children:  Better with adults.
Bonding:  Bonds to one person.
Grooming:   At least twice a week.
Protection:  Not really.
Watchdog:  Excellent.
Life Expectancy:  12 - 16 years.

Pom Appearance:

  The Pomeranian should be a compact, short coupled (short back) dog, well knit in frame. He should exhibit great intelligence in his expression, buoyant in deportment, and inquisitive by nature. He is cocky, commanding, and animated in his gait. He should have a soft dense undercoat, and an outer coat which is long, straight, glistening, and harsh in texture. A major fault would be a flat or open coat. All things being equal, preference is often for the whole-colored dog.

Temperament:

  The Pomeranian is an extroverted, lively, and intelligent dog, Bouncy, bold and busy, he is a large personality, in a small frame. He is curious, playful, self-confident, even cocky, and ever ready for adventure. He can be independent up to a point. He is reserved towards strangers. He can be aggressive towards other dogs. He will try to protect his owners quite vigorously. When kept with other dogs, he can be extremely vocal. His small, but sturdy stature, makes him a great companion dog. He is also a very competitive show dog.

Finding other breeders of Pom puppies:

Do you want information on this small dog breed, the Pom dog? Do you want to find Pomeranian breeders, who have Pomeranian puppies for sale? See the Pomeranian breeders section. If there are no nearby Pom breeders, see the Canadian Pom club, Pomeranian rescue. See also, the American Pomeranian club, Pom rescue to find other Pom breeders.

Pomeranian Health Issues:

Pom Major concerns:   Patellar Luxation, (Graded 1 to 5 , with 5 being the worst. The knee cap slips out of its groove and doesn’t return. The condition often worsens with time, and cause much pain.)
Minor concerns:   Open fontanel, (In all newborn puppies, this open space, where the skull bones meet, is known as the fontanel (or fontanelle). It will usually close when the puppy is 4-6 weeks of age, or may close slowly over a three to six month period. Sometimes, the fontanel never closes, leaving a hole in the top of the skull. This is a genetic problem.); Hypoglycemia, (This is a condition that occurs when the level of glucose in the blood is abnormally low.); Shoulder luxation, (This is a dislocation of the shoulder joint); PRA, (It is a recessively, inherited disease. Progressive Retinal Atrophy is a deterioration of both retinas simultaneously, and which leads to blindness.); Entropion, (This is an eyelid problem, causing pain to the eyes.)
Occasionally seen:   Tracheal collapse, (The cartilage rings of the windpipe may be damaged, and don’t spring back to their full expanded "C-shape", leaving the windpipe partially collapsed.) ; PDA, (This is the most commonly diagnosed congenital heart defect in dogs. It occurs in many breeds, and is seen more often in females. After a normal birth, the blood flow through the ductus arteriosus, decreases dramatically. Within a few days, the ductus closes off completely. If it doesn’t, then the degree that it affects the dog, depends upon the extent of the opening.)

Suggested Tests:

Knee, Eye, Cardiac.