Wirehaired Dachshund dog, Miniature and Standard
Known in Germany, its native land, as the Teckel
The name "Dachshund" comes from German (dachs) badger
(hund) dog but in Germany, its birthplace, the breed is known as the "Teckel"
. Early German documents from the 16th century refer to predecessors of this breed, as a little "earth dog", "badger digger." Often hunted in packs
, they were bred for hunting ferocious badgers
(in Europe) and would follow them right into their underground burrows
, drag them out and kill them. The original specimens were smooth coated. The Long Haired variety came later, followed by the Wirehaired type near the end of the 18th century. The first Teckel stud book was created in Germany in 1890 and it referred to Smooth, Wirehaired and Longhaired or Long hair breed varieties. The working ability of this breed is paramount
and thus its size and structure are chiefly functional
. The Mini Dachshund
types came later.
Miniature Type: 11 lbs. (5 kg) & under.
Height Mini: 5 - 6 in. (12.7 - 15.2 cm) at withers.
Standard Type: over 11 lbs. (usually 16 - 32 lbs.).
Height Standard: 8 - 9 in. (20.3 - 22.9 cm) at withers.
Playful: Somewhat playfull.
Friendly to other dogs & pets: Somewhat.
Friendly towards strangers: Not very.
Active: Quite active.
Affection: Moderately affectionate.
Other Name: Teckel.
Life Expectancy: 12 - 14 years.
The Wirehair variety was developed about the end of the 19th century by crossing with some German Wirehaired Pinschers and with some terriers giving the coat a much harsher texture. The harsher coat was more functional, in that it offered better protection in thorny rough brush, and when they went underground. Like terriers, the Wire hair coat needs to be stripped of dead hairs, which is easily done with a stripping knife. This is a small dog breed.
Their beauty, poise and alert attitude gives an edge at conformation dog shows. They make fun-loving active pets whose daily physical and mental exercise needs, while not excessive, should never be neglected. Puppies or adults, on an unrestricted diet, and not enough exercise will become fat. Their long backs are prone to disc problems, known as the Dachshund back problem, thus overweight dogs are at serious risk. They are happy in the country where they can hunt, but adapt well to urban life. They are often vocal! Leaving them unattended outdoors is not neighborly. A Dachshund puppy is trainable, becoming a lovable, loyal family member, an exceptional watchdog. Check the breeders section or the Dachshund rescue section for an available adult or puppy rescue Dachshund.
Dachshunds are clever, lively and courageous even to the point of rashness. Dachshunds are definitely not shy. Some of the mini Dachshund varieties have become prone to nervousness. This is not correct behavior. Dachshunds should always be poised, dignified, self-assured and with an elegant manner. The Dachshund makes an excellent family pet.
The major health problem concerns the long back, intervertebral disk disease. Overweight dogs are very prone to this problem, so keeping the Dachshund dog fit and slim, will alleviate this. Minor concerns are canine dry eye (KCS). Occasional problems are diabetes, patellar luxation,gastric torsion and Cushing's disease. Dapples are more likely to have eye and hearing problems. This is genetic.